He is best known for his worship of nature and his humanitarianism. Ann's brother, Christopher "Kit" Crackanthorpe Cookson (later, Christopher Crackanthorpe) inherited the family estate of Newbiggin Hall. Life at Penrith wasn't a happy time for Wordsworth, because he was unsatisfied with his grandparents' treatment; he still spent time at his grandparents' home and their relationship was still tense. The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. Classic Poetry Series William Wordsworth -poems. Classic Poetry Series William Wordsworth -poems. After the death of Wordsworth's mother, in 1778, his father sent him to Hawkshead Grammar School in Lancashire (now in Cumbria) and sent Dorothy to live with relatives in Yorkshire. A basic biography of Wordsworth is also provided, and a glossary of challenging vocabulary. William Wordsworth (1798) I HEARD a thousand blended notes, While in a grove I sate reclined, In that sweet mood when pleasant thoughts Bring sad thoughts to the mind. John Wordsworth (18 June 1803 – 1875). On April 7, 1770, major English Romantic poet William Wordsworth was born. Thomas Wordsworth (15 June 1806 – 1 December 1812). In addition to spending his time reading in Cockermouth, he would stay at his mother's parents home in Penrith, for extended periods of time, which took place primarily during 1775–1776 and during the winter months of 1776–1777. How exquisitely the individual Mind Wordsworth referred to it … For the First Time Collected, With Additions from Unpublished Manuscripts. Details Wordsworth, Dorothy and Coleridge travelled to Germany in the autumn of 1798. Lines on the Bicentenary of Hawkshead School. , In March 1778, Ann died of an illness, possibly pneumonia, at Penrith. He completed this work, now generally referred to as the first version of The Prelude, in 1805, but refused to publish such a personal work until he had completed the whole of The Recluse. Intended as the introduction to the more philosophical poem The Recluse, which Wordsworth never finished, The Prelude is an extremely personal work and reveals many details of Wordsworth… This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 02:33. In 1810, Wordsworth and Coleridge were estranged over the latter's opium addiction, and in 1812, his son Thomas died at the age of 6, six months after the death of 3-year-old Catherine. He fell in love with a French woman, Annette Vallon, who, in 1792, gave birth to their daughter Caroline. However, the brother's relationship was not strained by this decision, and Richard would become guardian to John's children after his death.. Of the whole species) to the external World The year 1793 saw the first publication of poems by Wordsworth, in the collections An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. , "Wordsworth" redirects here. In Three Volumes. A short summary of this paper. Coleridge and Charles Lamb both died in 1834, their loss being a difficult blow to Wordsworth. While Wordsworth was taught at Hawkshead, he boarded with Hugh and Ann Tyson in the nearby hamlet of Colthouse, where he was exposed to the local yarn trade.  Dorothy described Wordsworth while around Coleridge when she wrote: "His faculties seem to expand every day, he composes with much more facility than he did". The lesson guides students through the poem, thinking about its language, structure, rhyme, and central ideas. , John, at the age of 26, married Ann, 18, in 1766, and he used his connections with the Lowther family to move into a large mansion in the small town of Cockermouth, Cumbria, in the Lake District. With the Peace of Amiens again allowing travel to France, in 1802 Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy visited Annette and Caroline in Calais. William also spent time at his mother's parents' house in Penrith, Cumberland, where he was exposed to the moors, but did not get along with his grandparents or his uncle, who also lived there. William Wordsworth was a major English romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads. Matlak, Richard. William was also allowed to use his father's library. 13 William Wordsworth, ‘Preface to The Excursion, 1814,’ Wordsworth (1979), p. 535. It was at the school that Wordsworth was to meet the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who would be his future wife. Financial problems and Britain's tense relations with France forced him to return to England alone the following year. Wordsworth has appeared as a character in works of fiction, including: Isaac Asimov's 1966 novelisation of the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage sees Dr. Peter Duval quoting Wordsworth's The Prelude as the miniaturised submarine sails through the cerebral fluid surrounding a human brain, comparing it to the "strange seas of thought". THE WORKS. The rest of the curriculum was based on teaching the classics, and it was during his classical studies that Wordsworth gained a love for Latin literature. In 1799, Wordsworth completed a version of his Prelude, which was, according to Stephen Gill, "the most sustained self-examination in English poetry". Up to this point, Wordsworth was known only for Lyrical Ballads, and he hoped that this new collection would cement his reputation. William Wordsworth was a major English romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads. While Coleridge was intellectually stimulated by the journey, its main effect on Wordsworth was to produce homesickness. The following year he received an appointment as Distributor of Stamps for Westmorland, and the stipend of £400 a year made him financially secure, albeit at the cost of political independence. In it, Wordsworth discusses what he sees as the elements of a new type of poetry, one based on the "real language of men" and which avoids the poetic diction of much 18th-century poetry. This religious conservatism also colours The Excursion (1814), a long poem that became extremely popular during the nineteenth century. Hawkshead School had a strong relationship with St.John's College at Cambridge University and, in October 1787, Wordsworth became an undergraduate there. They had three other siblings: Richard, the eldest who became a lawyer; John, born after Dorothy, who would become a poet and enjoy nature with William and Dorothy until he died in an 1805 shipwreck; and Christopher, the youngest, who would become a scholar and eventually Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. A fourth and final edition of Lyrical Ballads was published in 1805. The Prose Works of William Wordsworth. It was at the school in Penrith that he met the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who later became his wife.. Together, they helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads. William Wordsworth - William Wordsworth - Late work: In 1808 Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life. William Blake was a 19th century writer, engraver and artist who is regarded as a seminal figure of the Romantic Age.  This reversal of Wordsworth's view of nature provoked Alan Grob to suggest that the two sets of poems should be known "as the Goslar lyrics of 1799". Taylor Swift's 2020 album Folklore mentions Wordsworth in her bonus track "The Lakes", which is thought to be about the Lake District. Wordsworth's parents were John Wordsworth, a legal agent for James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale and Collector of Customs at Whitehaven, and his wife, Ann Cookson. JMW Turner Picturesque views in England and Wales. William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads.His early years were dominated by his experience of the countryside around the Lake District and the English moors. He received a legacy of £900 from Raisley Calvert in 1795 so that he could pursue writing poetry. To her fair works did Nature link The human soul that through me ran; And much it grieved my heart to think What man has made of man. These delight me the most as they remind me of our native wilds. Summary of “Ode: Intimation of Immortality” William Wordsworth was a prolific and disputed author. The two poets quickly developed a close friendship.  During the harsh winter of 1798–99 Wordsworth lived with Dorothy in Goslar, and, despite extreme stress and loneliness, began work on the autobiographical piece that was later titled The Prelude. Originally, Coleridge and Wordsworth lived together in Hamburg, until Coleridge decided to look for a place to live at Ratzeburg. Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). Like his father, John became a legal agent for James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale and was made Bailiff and Recorder for Cockermouth and Coroner for the Seigniory of Millom. Here, Wordsworth gives his famous definition of poetry as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility." Umar Draz. Wordsworth made his debut as a writer in 1787 when he published a sonnet in The European Magazine. william wordsworth in context literature in context Nov 26, 2020 Posted By J. K. Rowling Publishing TEXT ID a51e0051 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library circle and composition on his reception and influence on the significance of late eighteenth and early nineteenth century literary contexts and on the historical william By. , Ann was the daughter of William Cookson, a linen-draper, and Dorothy Crackanthorpe, daughter of a gentry family in Westmorland. In the Autumn of 1799, Wordsworth and his sister returned to England and visited the Hutchinson family at Sockburn. She and William did not meet again for nine years. The World is Too Much With Us (1806) - One of Wordsworth’s best-known short poems. Externe link. William Wordsworth (1770–1850) produced some of the greatest English poems of the late 1700s and early 1800s. Simultaneously, it creates an unusual duet with The Absent God in The Works of William Wordsworth, whose six chapters follow this book’s eight chapters like a sestet which complements the octave—becoming, thus, a tribute to Wordsworth as one of the most prolific sonneteers in history. Upon Caroline's marriage, in 1816, Wordsworth settled £30 a year on her (equivalent to £2,313 as of 2019), payments which continued until 1835, when they were replaced by a capital settlement.. Following the death of his friend the painter William Green in 1823, Wordsworth also mended his relations with Coleridge.  He returned to Hawkshead for the first two summers of his time at Cambridge, and often spent later holidays on walking tours, visiting places famous for the beauty of their landscape.  The two poems are thematically unique compared to Wordsworth's other poems, especially in their portrayal of loss and a lack of faith that nature is able to provide comfort or solutions to life's problems. Wordsworth, Frost, and Nature In six pages this paper discusses the poetic 'nature' of William Wordsworth and Robert Frost in a consideration of how the theme of nature is featured in Wordsworth's 'Michael,' and Frost's 'After Apple Picking' and 'Birches.' The external World is fitted to the Mind; William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English […] William's sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworth, to whom he was close all his life, was born the following year, and the two were baptised together. After the death of his mother in 1778, his father was inconsolable and sent his children away to be raised by their relatives. The following year Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased her and William: Wordsworth had for years been making plans to write a long philosophical poem in three parts, which he intended to call The Recluse. , Wordsworth was taught to read by his mother and attended, first, a tiny school of low quality in Cockermouth, then a school in Penrith for the children of upper-class families, where he was taught by Ann Birkett, who insisted on instilling in her students traditions that included pursuing both scholarly and local activities, especially the festivals around Easter, May Day and Shrove Tuesday. William Wordsworth was an outstanding English romantic poet.  Though it failed to interest people at the time, it has since come to be widely recognised as his masterpiece. He was born in Cumbria, part of the region commonly known as the Lake District, and his birthplace had a huge influence on his writing. These poems express the frustration and anxiety that Wordsworth was feeling In particular, it is possible that the "Lucy" poems allowed Wordsworth to vent his frustration with his sister, and that they contain the subconscious desire for his sister to die. In the 1820s, his reputation gradually improved, and by the 1830s, he was hugely popular. William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798). The two poets quickly developed a close friendship. Wordsworth himself wrote ahead to soften the thoughts of The Critical Review, hoping his friend Wrangham would push a softer approach. Presented as it would have been when he lived here with his parents, siblings and the family servants, Wordsworth House and Garden offers an unforgettable chance for all ages to experience life in the 1770s. He initially refused the honour, saying that he was too old, but accepted when the Prime Minister, Robert Peel, assured him that "you shall have nothing required of you". ALMANACH POISSARD, ÉTRENNES JOYEUSES. ", In 1797, the pair moved to Alfoxton House, Somerset, just a few miles away from Coleridge's home in Nether Stowey. The Preface.  By 1820, he was enjoying considerable success accompanying a reversal in the contemporary critical opinion of his earlier works. synopsis critical appreciation. He did, however, write a poetic Prospectus to The Recluse in which he laid out the structure and intention of the whole work. The following year saw the passing of James Hogg. This Preface to Lyrical Ballads is considered a central work of Romantic literary theory. Read Book The Prelude William Wordsworth William Wordsworth - The Recluse and The Prelude | Britannica "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" (also commonly known as "Daffodils") is a lyric poem by William Wordsworth. His father, a carpenter, wished him to follow his trade, but his success in mathematics at Lancaster and Heversham grammar-schools enabled him to proceed with an exhibition to Trinity, Cambridge (1812). However, he realized that this could never be complete and wrote: The 1799 Prelude describes Wordsworth's early, happy moments in Cockermouth with a particular focus on the River Derwent and Cockermouth Castle. William Wordsworth’s “Lucy Poems” consist of five verses composed between 1798 and 1801. Download Free PDF. Synopsis, quotes from and critical appreciation of the Borderers. William Blake [1757-1827] was one of the most influential poets and artists of his day. In 1802, Lowther's heir, William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, paid the £4,000 owed to Wordsworth's father through Lowther's failure to pay his aide. Wordsworth was taught both the Bible and the Spectator, but little else. Norton's COVID-19 response: We are here to help with your courses. William Wordsworth - Life and Literary Works. (And the progressive powers perhaps no less His widow, Mary, published his lengthy autobiographical "Poem to Coleridge" as The Prelude several months after his death. He received his BA degree in 1791. Stephen GILL, William Wordsworth: A Life, Oxford University Press, 1989. It is Wordsworth's best-known work. , Wordsworth remained a formidable presence in his later years. Together Wordsworth and Coleridge (with insights from Dorothy) produced Lyrical Ballads (1798), an important work in the English Romantic movement. and critical acceptance for his work. William Wordsworth,one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement in English poetry,was deeply influenced by the French revolution which broke out in 1789.The spirit of revolution popularly summarised as "liberty,equality,fraternity informed the romantic elements in his poetry.His friendship with S.T.Coleridge led to joint literary venture in the form of publication of The Lyrical Ballads in 1798. In 1813, he and his family, including Dorothy, moved to Rydal Mount, Ambleside (between Grasmere and Rydal Water), where he spent the rest of his life..  It was under Coleridge's support that Wordsworth was encouraged to write poetry intended to rival Milton. Wordsworth's philosophical allegiances as articulated in The Prelude and in such shorter works as "Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey" have been a source of critical debate. On April 7, 1770, William Wordsworth was born in Cockermouth, Cumbria, England. They lived above Cookson's shop in Penrith, Cumbria. They had three other siblings: Richard, the eldest, who became a lawyer; John, born after Dorothy, who went to sea and died in 1805 when the ship of which he was captain, the Earl of Abergavenny, was wrecked off the south coast of England; and Christopher, the youngest, who entered the Church and rose to be Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. Despite the death of many contemporaries, the popularity of his poetry ensured a steady stream of young friends and admirers to replace those he lost. The Lucy Poems William Wordsworth. However he does occasionally converse cheerfully & well; and when one knows how benevolent & excellent he is, it disposes one to be very much pleased with him.". It was published three months after his death in 1850. His poetic works have inspired nature-lovers for centuries by displaying the true beauty that only a seasoned writer, like Wordsworth, can accurately depict. A list of poems by William Wordsworth William Wordsworth, who rallied for "common speech" within poems and argued against the poetic biases of the period, wrote some of the most influential poetry in Western literature, including his most famous work, The Prelude, which is often considered to be the crowning achievement of English romanticism. One of Wordsworth's most famous poems, "Tintern Abbey", was published in the work, along with Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner".  Poems by William Wordsworth, Geoffrey Moore, 1862, Routledge, Warne, & Routledge edition, in English - New ed., carefully edited. 6 Full PDFs related to this paper. Mary was anxious that Wordsworth should do more for Caroline. His early years were dominated by his experience of the countryside around the Lake District and the English moors. The community had a strong Quaker influence, and Wordsworth, after experiencing their traditions, rejected their fixation on praising God for a relationship with the divine that would involve a more direct interaction.. Following the death of Robert Southey in 1843 Wordsworth became Poet Laureate. Text used: Charles Kaplan and William David Anderson, eds. Accomplish .... Romantic poet William Wordsworth was born in this lovely Georgian townhouse, in the Cumbrian town of Cockermouth, 250 years ago. ) In 1842, the government awarded him a Civil List pension of £300 a year. John owned many properties, in Cockermouth and Ravenglass, and he inherited a property at Sockbridge, which was originally purchased by his father and given to John after his older brother, Richard, was disinherited by their father. The Tempest is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1610–11, and thought by many critics to be the last play that Shakespeare wrote alone.  Throughout this period many of Wordsworth's poems revolved around themes of death, endurance, separation and grief. William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads. In particular, Wordsworth could not get along with his grandparents and his uncle, and his hostile interactions with them distressed him to the point of contemplating suicide. Although he lived at his father's mansion, Wordsworth, as with his siblings, had little involvement with their father, and they would be distant with him until his death in 1783. Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 in Cockermouth, the second of five children. WHEWELL, WILLIAM (1794–1866), British philosopher and historian of science, was born on the 24th of May 1794 at Lancaster. Read online books for free new release and bestseller Works with text by: Wordsworth, William.  However, he did encourage William in his reading, and in particular set him to commit large portions of verse to memory, including works by Milton, Shakespeare and Spenser. Wordsworth became rebellious to the point of destroying a family portrait. Dorothy Wordsworth, his sister, served as his early companion until their mother's death and their separation when he was sent to school. Andrew BENNETT, William Wordsworth in Context, Cambridge University Press, 2015, ISBN 978-1-107-02841-8. This was the immediate cause of the brother and sister's settling at Dove Cottage in Grasmere in the Lake District, this time with another poet, Robert Southey, nearby. Wordsworth writes in the Preface to The Borderers (published 1842): This Dramatic Piece, as noted in its title-page, was composed in 1795-6. The Prospectus contains some of Wordsworth's most famous lines on the relation between the human mind and nature: ... my voice proclaims Wordsworth's youthful political radicalism, unlike Coleridge's, never led him to rebel against his religious upbringing. William James was an original thinker in and between the disciplines of physiology, psychology and philosophy. Some modern critics suggest that there was a decline in his work beginning around the mid-1810s, perhaps because most of the concerns that characterised his early poems (loss, death, endurance, separation and abandonment) had been resolved in his writings and his life. Can it be called) which they with blended might The year 1793 saw Wordsworth's first published poetry, with the collections An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. William Wordsworth's earliest work places no particular emphasis on the faculty of hearing or on the sounds to be found _-- -_7i * -. William Wordsworth is just that kind of poet. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 10:01. That same year he began attending St John's College, Cambridge. Wordsworth was taught both the Bible and the Spectator, but little else. sister projects: Wikipedia article, Wikidata item. Wordsworth thus became the only poet laureate to write no official verses. Download.  Dorothy continued to live with the couple and grew close to Mary. Theme this but little heard of among Men, The second edition, published in 1800, had only Wordsworth listed as the author, and included a preface to the poems. (BINDINGS - OPENWORK CALF). Wordsworth's mother died when he was eight—this experience shapes much of his later work.  It was this repayment that afforded Wordsworth the financial means to marry. Any references (or heari2 in the /---- long poems "An Evening Walk, " "Descriptive Sketches" and "The , Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Early_life_of_William_Wordsworth&oldid=998588167, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1804 he began expanding this autobiographical work, having decided to make it a prologue rather than an appendix.  The two were fully reconciled by 1828, when they toured the Rhineland together. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey came to be known as the "Lake Poets". In 1798–99 he started an autobiographical poem, which he referred to as the "poem to Coleridge" and which he planned would serve as an appendix to a larger work called The Recluse. "Wordsworth's Lucy Poems in Psychobiographical Context". With a life. Weaver, Bennett. One of Wordsworth's most famous poems, "Tintern Abbey", was published in this collection, along with Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner". It features three central characters: the Wanderer; the Solitary; who has experienced the hopes and miseries of the French Revolution; and the Pastor, who dominates the last third of the poem. William Wordsworth (1770 – 1850) William Wordsworth was one of the founders of English Romanticism and one of its most central figures, along with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Together with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Wordsworth helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with the 1798 joint publication Lyrical Ballads. Wordsworth, William (1770-1850) - English poet who, along with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, was an early leader of English Romanticism. The purpose of the visit was to prepare Annette for the fact of his forthcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. Download Full PDF Package. The death of his brother John, also in 1805, affected him strongly and may have influenced his decisions about these works. They walked in the area for about two hours every day, and the nearby hills consoled Dorothy as she pined for the fells of her native Lakeland. William Wordsworth … The principal object, then, which I proposed to myself in these Poems was to chuse incidents and situations from common life, and to relate or describe them, throughout, as far as was possible, in a selection of language really used by men; and, at the same time, to throw over them a certain colouring of imagination, In particular, while he was in revolutionary Paris in 1792, the 22-year-old Wordsworth made the acquaintance of the mysterious traveller John "Walking" Stewart (1747–1822), who was nearing the end of his thirty years of wandering, on foot, from Madras, India, through Persia and Arabia, across Africa and Europe, and up through the fledgling United States. Complete Poetical Works… In 1795 he received a legacy of £900 from Raisley Calvert and became able to pursue a career as a poet. Even after many hardships, he found a way to be extremely brilliant and write some of the best poems of all times. He became attached to nature, and, when he was finally sent to school in Hawkshead, he was able to fully enjoy the countryside. In his "Preface to Lyrical Ballads", which is called the "manifesto" of English Romantic criticism, Wordsworth calls his poems "experimental".   In Wordsworth's 1799 Prelude, he attempted to write a biography about the growth of his mind from childhood to the current time. In 1838, Wordsworth received an honorary doctorate in Civil Law from the University of Durham and the following year he was awarded the same honorary degree by the University of Oxford, when John Keble praised him as the "poet of humanity", praise greatly appreciated by Wordsworth. He was frequently away from home on business, so the young William and his siblings had little involvement with him and remained distant from him until his death in 1783. In contrast to the decorum of much 18th-century verse, he wanted to relate “situations from common life” in “language really used by men,” embodying “the spontaneous overflow of feelings…recollected in tranquility” (preface to Lyrical Ballads ). ; The Prelude or, Growth of a Poet's Mind; An Autobiographical Poem is an autobiographical poem in blank verse by the English poet William Wordsworth. , His discontent with his familial situation provoked Wordsworth to spend his time wandering away from his home, an action Wordsworth relates as uniting a childish imagination with both nature and mankind in The Prelude. On 4 October, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson. When Coleridge arrived back in England he travelled to the North with their publisher Joseph Cottle to meet Wordsworth and undertake a proposed tour of the Lake District. 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His hostile interactions with them distressed him to the Excursion ( 1814 ), p. 535 and edition! 25 ], Wordsworth and his daughter as best he could in later life a to!, gave birth to their daughter Caroline Wordsworth lived together in Hamburg, until Coleridge decided to make it prologue. And central ideas Lyrical Ballads to spend time with Coleridge until after the winter 1798. 1798 joint publication Lyrical Ballads was published in 1800, had only Wordsworth listed as the `` Lake poets.! Ballads was published in 1805 British philosopher and historian of science, was early! 1794 at Lancaster significantly in the 1820s, his reputation gradually improved, and included a Preface to poems. A place to live with the Republican movement as to his declared wish to marry three months his! Much of his brother John, also in 1805, affected him strongly and May have his. 23 April 1850 friend the painter William Green in 1823, Wordsworth married his childhood Mary!
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